Constitution of India


Constitution of India

Constitution of India

Constitution of India

‘Constitution’ refers to a set of rules and laws by which a nation is governed. The constitution of a country lays down the basic structure of the political system.  It establishes the main organs of a country: the Legislature, the Executive, and the Judiciary and defines their powers and responsibilities, and regulates their relationship with each other. 

Every constitution represents the vision and values of the nation as it is based on the social, political and economic ethos and faith and aspirations of the people. 

The Constitution of India was drawn up by the Constituent Assembly which was formed before independence. This Assembly was composed of the members elected by the Provincial Legislative Assemblies. Dr Rajendra Prasad was the Chairperson of the Assembly. The Draft of the Constitution was prepared by the Drafting Committee under the Drafting chairperson of Dr B.R.Ambedkar. The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949. It came into operation with effect from 26 January 1950. 

The Constitution, as originally adopted, had 22 parts, 395 articles and 9 schedules. Its present text is amended from time to time. Till 2011, there had been as many as 97 amendments. 

The Constitution of India is the longest-written constitution of any sovereign country in the world. 0 0 0

Constitution of India

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