Journey to the End of the Earth | Question Solutions

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Journey to the End of the Earth | Question Solutions

Journey to the End of the Earth

Journey to the End of the Earth Question Solutions

Journey to the End of the Earth Question Solutions

(HS 2nd Yr English)

-Tishani Doshi

Journey to the End of the Earth Question Solutions

TEXTUAL QUESTION SOLUTIONS

  1. Read and Find Out  (Each bearing 2 Marks)
  2. 1. How do geological phenomena help us know about the history of mankind?

Ans: Geological phenomena help us know about the history of humankind.  About six hundred and fifty million years ago a giant southern supercontinent did exist. The climate was much warmer. It had a huge variety of flora and fauna. It thrived for 500 million years. Finally, it broke into countries as they exist today.

Q.2. What are the indications for the future of humankind?

Ans: The rapid growth of human population and limited resources exerts pressure on land.  Day by day the natural balance among things have been breaking up. Ice caps are melting, ozone strata is depleting, fossil fuels have caused global temperature. All these indicate a menace to the future of mankind.

  1. Reading with Insight Each bearing 7 Marks

Q.1. The world’s geological history is trapped in Antarctica. How is the study of the region useful to us?

Ans: Geological phenomena help us know about the history of humankind.  About six hundred and fifty million years ago a giant southern supercontinent did exist. The climate was much warmer. It had a huge variety of flora and fauna. It thrived for 500 million years. Finally, it broke into countries as they exist today.

The rapid growth of the human population and limited resources exert pressure on land.  Day by day the natural balance among things has been breaking up. Ice caps are melting, ozone strata is depleting, fossil fuels have been causing global temperature. All these indicate a dread menace to the future of mankind.

Thus the study of Antarctica may help understand all these things. So the Study of Antarctica is useful to us.

Q.2. What are Geoff Green’s reasons for including high school students in the Students on Ice Expedition?

Ans: Geoff had some solid reasons why he included the high school students in his mission. He realized that our elder people could do nothing to our world. But the students of the high school are the future of the world. Their proper knowledge of the world will help them to take positive steps towards the safety of the degrading environment. Going to the end of the earth, they can understand, learn and realise the danger of global warming, the ozone layer’s degradation and biodiversity problems.

He expects, such an expedition will increase the awareness about the environment of the world. They can realise the real danger of seeing the ice caps melting and collapsing due to global warming.

Q.3. Take care of the small things and the big things will take care of themselves.’ What is the relevance of this statement in the context of the Antarctic environment?

Ans: Antarctica is on the far south point of the globe. It has quite a simple natural ecosystem. It lacks bio-diversity. It is the perfect place to study how little changes in the environment can have big repercussions. The very small one-celled photo planktons are the grasses of the sea. They nourish and sustain the entire Southern Ocean food chain. They use solar energy. They assimilate carbon and synthesize organic compounds. Further depletion of the ozone layer will affect the activities of the photo plankton. Consequently, the whole marine life of animals and birds has gone under changes.

These small things have to be taken care of. The author says, ‘if they are taken care of, then the big things will fall into places.’

Q.4.  Why is Antarctica the place to go to understand the earth’s present, past and future?

Ans: To visit Antarctica is to be a part of the Earth’s history. About 650 million years ago there was a giant supercontinent in the south which was called ‘Gondwana’. India and Antarctica were parts of the same landmass. Things were quite different then. Humans had not arrived on Earth. The climate of Antarctica was much warmer. It had a huge variety of flora and fauna. Dinosaurs became extinct. The age of mammals began. The landmass was forced to be separated into countries as they exist today.

Ninety percent of the Earth’s total ice volume are stored in Antarctica. There are no trees, buildings and human settlements.

Antarctica also provides a warning for the future. If global warming keeps on increasing, it will bring ruinous results. The future depletion of the ozone layers will affect sea animals, vegetation, and humans adversely. A small change in the climate of Antarctica will bring a great change to the condition of the entire earth.

Journey to the End of the Earth Question Solutions

ADDITIONAL QUE SOLUTIONS

  1. Short Answer type Questions. (Each bearing 2 Marks)

Q.1. Describe the author’s walking experience on the ocean in the Antarctic Circle.

Ans: The Russian research ship managed to place itself into a thick stretch of ice. They were instructed to climb down the gangplank and walk on the ocean. Underneath their feet was a metre-thick ice pack. And below it was 180 metres of living, breathing saltwater.

Q.2. What is Gondwana?

Ans: The Gondwana was a giant amalgamated southern supercontinent. There, the climate was much warmer and a huge variety of flora and fauna existed. The Gondwana thrived for 500 million years. Later the landmass was forced to separate into countries, shaping the globe much as we know it today.

Q.3. How did the author reach Antarctica?

Ans: The author boarded a Russian Research ship called ‘The Academik Shokalskiy’. It was heading to Antarctica. It is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent of the world. His journey began 13.09 degrees north of the Equator in Madras. He had to cross nine time zones, six checkpoints, three bodies of water and at least three ecospheres.

Q.4. What was the purpose of the visit to Antarctica?

Ans: The purpose of the visit to Antarctica was to understand how real was the threat of global warming and depletion of the ozone layers. Besides this, the author visited Antarctica to understand the cordilleran folds, ozone and carbon.

Q.5. How has Antarctica remained relatively pristine?

Ans: The impact of climate change is still very little in Antarctica. Because it is the only place on the Earth that has never sustained a human population and thereof has remained relatively pristine in this respect.  0 0 0.

Journey to the End of the Earth Question Solutions

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