MCQs on Modern Indian History 3


MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

Q. Choose the correct option from the alternatives given below each question.

201. Who started the journal ‘New India’?

(a) A. K. Azad

(b) W. Leadbeater

(c) Annie Besant

(d) Keshub Chandra Sen

Ans: (b)

202. ‘The Ghadar Party’ took the name’ Ghadar’ from

(a) the Revolt of 1857

(b) its objective to wage another revolt

(c) a weekly paper Ghadar published in commemoration of the Revolt of 1857

(d) All the above

Ans: (c) MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

203. The first Swarajist Conference was held at

(a) Ahmedabad

(b) Allahabad

(c) Madras

(d) Bardoli

Ans: (b)

204. Who led the armed raid on the government armoury at Chittagong in 1930?

(a) Chandra Shekhar Azad

(b) Bhagat Singh

(c) Surya Sen

(d) Sukhdev

Ans: (c) MCQs on Modern Indian History

205. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) Lord Dalhousie – Doctrine of Lapse

(b) Lord Minto – India Councils Act 1909

(c) Lord Wellesley – Subsidiary Alliance

(d) Lord Curzon – Vernacular Press Act 1878

Ans: (d)

206. The Province of Bengal Constituted by the Act of 1935 would cease to exist as per ———- .

(a) The Cabinet Mission Plan

(b) Wavell’s Plan

(c) The Indian Independence Act of 1947

(d) The Dikie Bird Plan

Ans: (c)

207. Swarajist Party was organised by

(a) Motilal Nehru

(b) Subash Chandra Bose

(c) Annie Besant

(d) Gokhale

Ans: (a)

208. The Deccan Riots of 1874-75 in Maharashtra were directed against

(a) Big landlords

(b) Moneylenders

(c) Revenue collectors

(d) British opium planters

Ans: (b)

209. The All India Muslim League was founded in December 1906 at

(a) Karachi

(b) Dacca

(c) Calcutta

(d) Aligarh

Ans: (b)

210. India Home Rule Society, founded in London in February 1905, was one of the earliest revolutionary societies set up outside India. This society was founded by

(a) Lala Har Dayal

(b) VD Savarkar

(c) Shyamji Krishnavarma

(d) Madan Lal Dhingra

Ans: (c)

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

211. Which of the following statements is not correct? Provision was made in the Act of 1935 for

(a) The Central Subjects

(b) Provincial Subjects

(c) Concurrent Lists

(d) A List of Subjects for Princely States

Ans: (d)

212. Which of the following leader is correctly matched with their association/party/ books/ newspaper?

(a) Devendranath Tagore: Young India

(b) Rabindranath Tagore: Patrika

(c) M. K. Gandhi: Gitanjali

(d) G. Tilak: Kesari

Ans: (d)

213. The Singh Sabha intended to restore Sikhism to its past purity by publishing historical religious books, magazines and journals, to propagate knowledge using Punjabi, to return Sikh apostates to their original faith, and to involve highly placed ……………… in the educational programme of the Sikhs

(a) Portuguese

(b) Frenchmen

(c) Dutch

(d) Englishmen

Ans: (d) MCQs on Modern Indian History

214. During the Second World War Churchill replaced _____ as Prime Minister of England

(a) Chamberlain

(b) Attlee

(c) Disraeli

(d) Asquith

Ans: (a)

215. When was the Gandhi Irwin Pact made?

(a) 1935

(b) 1931

(c) 1929

(d) 1932

Ans: (b)

216. Of the following who are not given reserved seats in the Indian legislature?

(a) Scheduled Caste

(b) Scheduled Tribes

(c) Anglo-Indian

(d) Landed Gentry

Ans: (d)

217. Who is called as the ‘Prophet of New India’?

(a) Dayanand Saraswati

(b) Sri Ramkrishna

(c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

(d) Swami Vivekananda

Ans: (b)

218. Which of the following literary personalities made the greatest contribution in arousing patriotism in the 19th century?

(a) Dinbandhu Mitra’s exposure of Indigo planters in ‘Nil Darpana’.

(b) Bankim Chandra with his historical novels culminating with ‘Ananda Math’ (1882)

(c) Vishnu Krishna Chiplunkar’s Journal ‘Nibandhamaka’ (1874-81).

(d) Bharatendu Harishchandra (1850-85) through his plays poems and journals advocating use of Swadeshi articles and use of Hindi in courts

Ans: (b)

219. Chandra Shekhar Azad was _______ of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army

(a) President

(b) Secretary

(c) Commander-in-Chief

(d) Field Marshal

Ans: (c)

220. Swami Vivekananda was graduated from _____University

(a) Delhi

(b) Hyderabad

(c) Calcutta

(d) Karachi

Ans: (c)

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

221. The system of civil services had been introduced into India by

(a) Lord Ripon

(b) Lord Dalhousie

(c) Lord Bentick

(d) Lord Hastings

Ans: (c)

222. The upliftment of the backward classes had been the prime concern of the

(a) Arya Samaj

(b) Prarthana Samaj

(c) Satyashodhak Samaj

(d) Ramakrishna Mission

Ans: (c)

223. Who was the author of the book ‘My Experiment with Truth’?

(a) Aurobindo

(b) Tilak

(c) Gandhi

(d) Vinobha

Ans: (c) MCQs on Modern Indian History

224. Which of the following pair of author & book is incorrectly matched?

(a) Rabindra Nath Tagore: Gora

(b) Dadabhai Naoroji: Poverty and the Un-British rule in India

(c) Dinabandhu Mitra: Nil Darpan

(d) R.C Dutt: History of India

Ans: (d)

225. The Rowlatt Act was passed in the year

(a) 1919

(b) 1925

(c) 1927

(d) 1930

Ans: (a)

226. India attained ‘Dominion status’ on

(a) 15th January 1947

(b) 15th August 1947

(c) 15th August 1950

(d) 15th October 1947

Ans: (b)

227. The INC for the first time passed the resolutions on Swaraj, Boycott and National Education at its annual session held at

(a) Banaras (1905)

(b) Calcutta (1906)

(c) Surat (1907)

(d) Madras (1908)

Ans: (b) MCQs on Modern Indian History

228. When did the Cripps Mission, which had practically repeated the August Offer 1940 visit India?

(a) 1941

(b) 1942

(c) 1943

(d) 1944

Ans: (b)

229. Mahabandula was the great General of the

(a) Marathas

(b) Sikhs

(c) Nepalese

(d) Burmese

Ans: (d)

230. When was the All India Women’s Conference founded?

(a) 1924

(b) 1925

(c) 1926

(d) 1927

Ans: (d)

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

231. ‘Jathi Nirnayam’ is the work of _______ .

(a) Sree Narayana Guru

(b) Abid Hasan

(c) Kesavan

(d) T.K.Madhavan

Ans: (a)

232. From which of the following Upanishads the words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed in Devanagari Script below the abacus of the state Emblem are?

(a) Prashna

(b) Yajurveda

(c) Mundaka

(d) Ishavasya

Ans: (c)

233. Ram Prasad Bismil had been associated with the case?

(a) Alipore bomb

(b) Kanpur conspiracy

(b) Kokori bomb

(d) Meerut conspiracy

Ans: (c) MCQs on Modern Indian History

234. On Cabinet Mission, __________ observed the proposals preserve the essential unity of India which was threatened by the dispute between two major communities

(a) Lord Wavell

(b) Nehru

(c) Patel

(d) M Gandhi

Ans: (a)

235. The Simon Commission was boycotted by Indians because

(a) It sought to curb civil liberties of the Indians

(b) It proposed to partition India

(c) It was an all-white commission without Indian representation

(d) It proposed measures to contain nationalism

Ans: (c)

236. Through which principle/device did Mahatma Gandhi strive to bridge economic inequalities?

(a) Abolition of machinery

(b) Establishment of village industries

(c) Adoption of non-violence

(d) Trusteeship theory

Ans: (d)

237. Who was the Chief Minister of Assam when the capital of the state was shifted to Dispur from Shillong?

(a) Golap Borbora

(b) Mahendra Mohan Choudhry

(c) Jogendra Nath Hazarika

(d) Sarat Chandra Singha

Ans: (d) MCQs on Modern Indian History

238. The social reformer of Maharashtra who became famous by his pen name Lokhitwadi was

(a) Atmaram Panduranga

(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(c) Gopal Hari Deshmukh

(d) KS Chaplunkar

Ans: (c)

239. Who had observed that “Good government was never a good substitute for self-government”?

(a) Swami Vivekananda

(b) Ramakrishna Paramahansa

(c) Swami Dayananda

(d) Aurobindo Ghose

Ans: (c)

240. Sivagiri pilgrimage was conceived by _______ and T K Kittan Writer. It was duly approved by Gurudevan on January, 1928

(a) Vallabhasseri Govindan Vaidyar

(b) T. K. Madhavan

(c) Rajaram Mohan Roy

(d) Govindan Vaidyar

Ans: (a)

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

241. The Tomar Rajputs, were defeated in the middle of the twelfth century by the Chauhans of ______ .

(a) Ayodhya

(b) Ajmer

(c) Gwalior

(d) Dwarka

Ans: (b)

242. The State, from among the following, which was not annexed by the ‘doctrine of lapse’ is

(a) Baghat

(b) Gwalior

(c) Sambalpur

(d) Satara

Ans: (b)

243. The Headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission established by Vivekananda in 1898 are at

(a) Kanyakumari

(b) Belur

(c) Hyderabad

(d) Murshidabad

Ans: (b)

244. Who said “Sir Saiyad was an ardent reformer and he wanted to reconcile modern scientific thought with religion by rationalistic interpretations and not by attacking basic belief. He was anxious to push new education. He was in no way communally separatist. Repeatedly he emphasized that religious differences should have no political and national significance.”

(a) Inder Kumar Gujral

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) Mahatma Gandhi

(d) Mohammad Iqbal

Ans: (b) MCQs on Modern Indian History

245. The Special Congress Session held in 1920 at Calcutta was presided over by

(a) Nehru

(b) LaIa Lajpat Rai

(c) Bose

(d) Gandhi

Ans: (b)

246. Who among the following had during his reign introduced a new calendar, a new system or coinage, and new scales of weights and measures?

(a) Tipu Sultan

(b) Murshid Quli Khan

(c) Raghunath Rao

(d) Lord Cornwallis

Ans: (a)

247. Lahore was Ranjeet Singh’s political capital. Which city was called his religious capital?

(a) Amritsar

(b) Anandpur Sahib

(c) Gujranwala

(d) Peshawar

Ans: (a)

248. High courts were established in Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in

(a) 1935

(b) 1919

(c) 1862

(d) 1861

Ans: (c)

249. Prior to the Indian Association Sisir Kumar Ghosh along with Sambhu Charan Mukherjee founded __________in Calcutta on 25 September 1875

(a) The India League

(b) Indian National Congress

(c) Madras Mahajana Sabha

(d) Bombay Presidency Association

Ans: (a)

250. In 1913, the Guru founded an Ashram at _____ called the Advaita Ashram.

(a) Vaikom

(b) Palluruthi

(c) Aluva

(d) Trichur

Ans: (c)MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

251. Of the following who died as political prisoner in Lahore prison?

(a) Bhagat Singh

(b) Batukeshwar Dutt

(c) Jatin Das

(d) Sukh Dev

Ans: (c)

252. Under whose leadership was the Congress Socialist Party founded in 1934?

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi

(b) Acharya Narendra Bose

(c) Saifuddin Kitchlwe and Rajendra Prasad

(d) Joshi 

Ans: (b)

253. Who among the following introduced Ryotwari system in Madras?

(a) Lord Hastings

(b) Lord Wellesley

(c) Sir Thomas Munro

(d) Lord Cannemara

Ans: (c) MCQs on Modern Indian History

254. Who among of the following was the founder of society called ‘Abhinav Bharat’?

(a) Lala Lajpat Rai

(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(c) Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

(d) Bipin Chandra Pal

Ans: (c)

255. Which year did Bankim Chandra Chatopadhyay wrote ‘Anand Math’?

(a) 1858

(b) 1892

(c) 1882

(d) None of these

Ans: (c)

256. To face the Maratha Army the Rohelas chief entered into a pact with

(a) The Nawab of Awadh

(b) The French

(c) The Portuguese

(d) The Sikhs

Ans: (a)

257. The Second Round Table Conference failed over the question of

(a) communal representation

(b) suspension of Civil Disobedience Movement

(c) grant of dominion status

(d) date of transfer of power

Ans: (a)

258. India was partitioned as a consequence of the formula contained in

(a) Cabinet Mission Plan

(b) Attlee’s Declaration

(c) June 3 Plan or Mountbatten Plan

(d) Both (b) & (c) above

Ans: (c)

259. The first newspaper which was published in India was

(a) The Calculatta Gazette

(b) The Bombay Gazette

(c) The Oriental Maganize

(d) The Bengal Gazette

Ans: (d)

260. ‘Lucknow pact’ was a deal between

(a) Indians and the British about legislative seats

(b) Hindus and Muslims regarding seat sharing in legislatures

(c) Depressed castes and Brahmins about job reservations

(d) Hindus and Sikhs about job reservations

Ans: (b)

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

261. Who among the following leader presided the historic 1916 Lucknow Session of the Congress?

(a) Annie Besant

(b) Madan Mohan Malviya

(c) Ambika Charan Majumdar

(d) Subhas Chandra Bose

Ans: (c)

262. A new period in__________’s life began in 1913 when she became active in Indian politics, and gave a lead by claiming ‘Home Rule’ for India

(a) Ammu Swaminathan

(b) Malati Patwardhan

(c) Annie Besant

(d) Ambujammal

Ans: (c)

263. Who did Mahatma Gandhi recognise as his political Guru?

(a) Pheroze Shah Mehta

(b) BG Tilak

(c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

Ans: (c) MCQs on Modern Indian History

264. Who was the French Governor of Pondicherry who tried to make the French Company as a powerful company?

(a) Thomas Arthur Comte de Lally

(b) Godeheu

(c) La Bourdonnais

(d) Joseph Francois Dupleix

Ans: (d)

265. Jinnah gave his opposition to Wavell’s Plan in the Conference held at …………… .

(a) Delhi

(b) Shimla

(c) Calcutta

(d) Madras

Ans: (b)

266. As per Cabinet Mission Plan, the strength of the Constituent Assembly would be

(a) 389

(b) 289

(c) 250

(d) 350

Ans: (a)

267. November 26, 1949 is a significant day in our constitutional history because

(a) India took a pledge of complete independence on this day

(b) The constitution was adopted on this day

(c) India became a Republic on this day

(d) The first amendment of the constitution was passed on this day

Ans: (b)

268. The Hindu College was started in 1817 at

(a) Calcutta

(b) Bombay

(c) Madras

(d) Pondicherry

Ans: (a)

269. Har Bilas Sarda was instrumental in the passage of the famous Sarda Act of 1930, which provided for

(a) enforcing monogamy

(b) removal of restrictions on intercaste marriages

(c) penalisation of parties to a marriage in which the girl was below 14 or the boy was below 18 years of age

(d) civil marriages

Ans: (c)

270. Who was the first propounder of the doctrine of Passive Resistance ?

(a) L L Roy

(b) G Tilak

(c) Aurobindo Ghosh

(d) G.K. Gokhale

Ans: (b)

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

271. Which of the following Act(s) was/were passed in 1856?

(a) The Religious Disabilities Act

(b) The Hindu Widow Remarriage Act

(c) Both the above

(d) None of the above

Ans: (c)

272. Who established the Indian Civil Liberties Union in 1936?

(a) Subhash Chandra Bose

(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(c) Jawahar Lal Nehru

(d) Rajendra Prasad

Ans: (c)

273. The term of office of member of the Council of India as per the act of 1919 was

(a) 5 years

(b) 4 years

(c) 2 years

(d) 6 years

Ans: (a) MCQs on Modern Indian History

274. As per the Regulating Act, a Governor-General and four Councilors were appointed for

(a) Bengal

(b) Bombay

(c) Madras

(d) Surat

Ans: (a)

275. In 1937, the Congress formed Ministries in

(a) 7 states

(b) 9 states

(c) 5 states

(d) 4 states

Ans: (c)

276. Who was the Chairman of the Union Powers Committee of the Constituent Assembly of India?

(a) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

(b) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(c) C.R. Ambedkar

(d) Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

Ans: (d)

277. Indian handicrafts rapidly declined due to

(a) lack of patronage

(b) growing craze for imported goods

(c) stiff competition from the machine-made goods of England

(d) All the above

Ans: (d)

278. When Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed, the Secretary of State for India was

(a) Salisbury

(b) Curzon

(c) Wedgwood Benn

(d) Montagu

Ans: (c) MCQs on Modern Indian History

279. How many volunteers had accompanied Gandhi on the famous Dandi March of March 12, 1930?

(a) 13

(b) 44

(c) 78

(d) 108

Ans: (c)

280. Who established the ‘Sharda Sadan’, a school for Indian Widows in colonial India?

(a) Mahadev Govind Ranade

(b) Sarojini Naidu

(c) Dayanand Saraswati

(d) Pandita Ramabai

Ans: (d)

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

281. Cripps Mission came to India

(a) 1946

(b) 1945

(c) 1942 

(d) 1940

Ans: (c)

282. Which of the following statements is correct about Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru?

(a) Nehru did not believe in the doctrine of non-violence

(b) Nehru was not in favour of socialism

(c) Nehru had his higher education in India only

(d) Nehru stressed the importance of national planning

Ans: (d)

283. In which session of Congress the demand of ‘Purna Swaraj’ was accepted as the aim of the congress ?

(a) Calcutta

(b) Madras

(c) Nagpur

(d) Lahore

Ans: (d)

284. The immediate cause for the Mutiny was

(a) The fear of me Indians that they would be converted to Christianity

(b) The Social Legislation of 1856

(c) The Episode of the Greased Cartridges

(d) Doctrine of Lapse

Ans: (c) MCQs on Modern Indian History

285. The Idea of federation was first proposed in

(a) Indian Councils Act of 1892

(b) Morley Minto Reforms

(c) Montague Chelmsford Reforms

(d) Nehru Report of 1928

Ans: (d)

286. The leader of the Anuslian Samiti was

(a) Barindra Kumar Ghosh

(b) Pulin Das

(c) Kanai Lal Dutta

(d) Prafulla Chaki

Ans: (a)

287. Which religious reformer of Western India was known as ‘Lokhitwadi’?

(a) Gopal Hari Deshmukh

(b) R.G. Bhandarkar

(c) Mahadev Govind Ranade

(d) G Tilak

Ans: (a)

288. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose had proclaimed the formation of the Provisional Government of Independent India (Azad Hind) in

(a) Vienna

(b) Rangoon

(c) Tokyo

(d) Singapore

Ans: (d)

289. Who persuaded the ratings of the RIN (Royal India Navy) to surrender on the 23rd February 1946?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru and Maulanav Abdul Kalam Azad

(c) Vallabh Bhai Patel

(d) Kripalani

Ans: (c)

290. For which community were seats reserved by the Morley-Minto reforms?

(a) Jews

(b) Muslims

(c) Christians

(d) Sikhs

Ans: (b)

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

291. Who, among the following, founded the ‘All India Depressed Classes Federation’ in 1920?

(a) M.K. Gandhi

(b) Jyotiba Phule

(c) G.K. Gokhale

(d) R. Ambedkar

Ans: (d)

292. The Company’s monopoly of Trade was abolished by the Act of

(a) 1793

(b) 1813

(c) 1833

(d) Pitt’s India Act

Ans: (c)

293. Tashkent Agreement was signed between India and ___ .

(a) Pakistan

(b) China

(c) Tibet

(d) Afghanistan

Ans: (a)

294. The inaugural issue of ‘Bombay Darpan’, a Marathi weekly, was published on November 12, 1832 started by a publisher reformer named

(a) Jagannath Shankar

(b) Vishnu Shastri

(c) Bal Shastri

(d) Krishna Shastri

Ans: (c) MCQs on Modern Indian History

295. Who said: “Let the pilgrims congregate at the beginning of the Gregorian calendar year. It should be Dhanu 16-17 in Malayalam calendar. Let the pilgrims observe 10 days self-purification according to Sri Buddha’s principles of five purities – body, food, mind, word, and deed called as Pancha Dharma”

(a) S. Sankunni

(b) P. V. Raghavan

(c) M.S.Raghavan

(d) Sree Narayana Guru

Ans: (d)

296. On September 20, 1932 Mahatma Gandhi began a fast unto death in Yervada jail against

(a) British repression of the Satyagrahis

(b) Violation of the Gandhi – Irwin Pact

(c) Communal award of Ramsay MacDonald

(d) Communal Roits in Calcutta

Ans: (c)

297. Which of the following was not included in the Treaty to be negotiated as provided in the Cabinet Mission Plan?

(a) The Indian Union

(b) Constituent Assembly

(c) Indian National Congress

(d) The United Kingdom

Ans: (c)

298. Kasturba Gandhi died in detention (in 1944) at

(a) Yeravada Jail

(b) Ahmedabad Prison

(c) Aga Khan Palace

(d) Ahmednagar Fort

Ans: (c) MCQs on Modern Indian History

299. Jyotiba Phule died On 28 November,_______ .

(a) 1850

(b) 1859

(c) 1870

(d) 1890

Ans: (d)

300. The first Defence Minister of India was

(a) K.M. Cariappa

(b) Gopalaswami Aiyangar

(c) Baldev Singh

(d) Sardar Patel

Ans: (c) 0 0 0.

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

MCQs on Modern Indian History 3

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