Some Rulers in India


Some Rulers in India

Some Rulers in India

Some Rulers in India

Akbar (1542-1605 A.D): Akbar, as the third Emperor of Mughal Emire, was crowned in Kalanaur in 1556. Under his rule, the Mughal territories expanded rapidly. He conquered Ajmer, Malwa, Chittore, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Bengal, Kashmir, Deccan and many more. He is indeed the greatest Mughal ruler. 

Ala-Ud-din Khiliji(1316 A.D): He came to the throne by murdering his father-in-law, Jalal-ud-din. In order to put down rebels, he framed a series of strict regulations to prevent nobles from conspiring against him. This led to the breakdown of the old nobility. 

Ashoka (304 B.C.): He was the son of Bindusara and is ranked as one of the greatest rulers in Indian history. His reign is considered as one of the most glorious periods in the history of India. His greatness lies in the fact that the was the first king to conceive ‘Dharma’, a world religion. 

Aurangzeb (1618-1707B.C.): Aurangzeb was a son of Shah Jahan and during his reign, the Mughal empire reached its territorial climax, from Kashmir in the north to Tinggi in the south and from Chittorgarh in the east to Hindukush in the west. As he lived an austere life, he came to be known as ‘Zinda Pir.’

Some Rulers in India

Babur (1438-1530(A.D.): Daulat Khan Lodhi invited Babur to invade India in order to displace Ibrahim Lodhi. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi at the 1st battle of Panipat on April 20,1526 and set up the Mughal Empire in India. 

Bahadur Shah -I (1643-1712 A.D.): Bahadur Shah succeeded Aurangzeb who was the last successful ruler of the Mughal Empire. He died in the year 1712. After his death, the Mughal Empire started to decline and the next rulers could not hold the empire. 

Chandra Gupta-I: He was the greatest of all the rulers of Gupta dynasty and was the grandson of Sri Gupta. He was the one to start the Gupta Era in 320 A.D. 

Chandra Gupta- II: He was the son of Samudragupta and also a great conqueror. He was the one who destroyed the power of Sakas and drove them out of Saurashtra. He had an empire which touched the Arabian Sea.

Some Rulers in India

Harshabardana (590-647 A.D): He was a great conqueror and the most illustrious ruler of his dynasty. He became the master of the North. He was even a great scholar and a patron of learning. He even became a follower of Buddhism in the latter years of his life and did a great deal for its promotion. He wrote three  Sanskrit dramas- ‘Ratnavali’, ‘Priyadarsika’ and ‘Nagananda’. 

Jahangir (1569-1627 A.D.): He was the son of Akbar and he was able to bring an end to the conflict with war. He was continuously engaged in battles and therefore, his health began to decline. The two important events in the latter part of Jahangir’s reign was Shah Jahan’s rebellion and Mahabat Khan’s rebellion.  

Kanishka: He was the greatest of Kushan king and had conquered many territories to expand his empire. He started an era in 78 A.D. known as the ‘Saka Era’. Again, he gave a great impetus to Buddhism. He was a great patron of art and Sanskrit literature. 

Muhammad -bin-Tuglaq (1300-1351 A.D.): He was the son of Ghiyas-ud-din. He always followed an imperialistic policy and due to his efforts, the territories of Delhi Sultanate reached Madhurai. With the increase of his territories, administrative and financial problems arose which he tried to solve by experimentation. But all his experiments failed.

Some Rulers in India 

Pulakesi – II( 7th Century A.D.): He was the greatest ruler of the Chalukya dynasty. He was a great warrior and conqueror and greatly expanded his empire.

Pushyamitra Sunga: He was the Commander-in-Chief of the last Mauryan ruler and he captured the throne by assassinating his master. He was the most successful ruler of his dynasty and was a great general and a clever administrator. Under him, the country made good progress. 

Razia Sultana (1205-40A.D.): Razia succeded her father Iltutmish who nominated her for the throne. Her reign marks the beginning of a struggle for power between the monarchy and the Turkish chiefs. She tried to create her own party and raised non-Turks to a high position. But she was defeated by the Turkish chiefs in a battle.

Some Rulers in India 

Samudra Gupta (335-380 A.D): He was the son and successor of Chandragupta-I. He was a great warrior and enlarged the Gupta Empire by his brilliant conquests. It is said that he never suffered a  defeat and so-called ‘the Napolean of India’. He was a great patron of literature and art. 

Shah Jahan (1592-1666 A.D.): Shah Jahan succeeded his father Jahangir in 1628. He was a great conqueror and he was more successful in the Deccan. Shah Jahaan’s accomplishment in the field of architecture was also famous and well known, pieces of architecture are the Taj Mahal, The Moti Masjid at Agra Fort etc. 

Shahab -Ud-Din Muhammad (1162-1206 A.D.): He was also known as Huiz-ud-Din Mohammad Bein Sam. He conquered Multan and Uchh in 1173 and Peshwar in 1179. He even defeated Prithviraj Chauhan in the second battle of Tarain. He was the one who led to the emergence of a Turkish state in India.

Some Rulers in India    

Sher Shah Suri (1486-1545 A.D.): Sher Shah Suri’s empire extended from Bengal to Indus Valley. He was well-known for glistering trade and commerce and he was the one who built the Grand Trunk Road. He as per his currency reform policy, struck fine gold, silver and copper coins of a uniform standard. He, however, did not make any changes in the administrative divisions. 

Sikandar Lodhi: He was the most important Lodhi Sultan. He even tried to subdue the Afghan nobles who were not accustomed to considering the Sultan anything more than first among equals. He was the only one who was able to establish effective administration in the kingdom. 0 0 0

Some Rulers in India

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