Lachit Borphukan | Essay | Biography


Lachit Borphukan | Essay | Biography

Lachit Borphukan

Lachit Borphukan Essay Biography

Lachit Borphukan


Lachit Borphukan stands as an iconic figure in the annals of history,  whose valor and leadership remain etched in the memory of the people of Assam from generation to generation. His resolute courage and strategic brilliance in defending his motherland against the encroachments of the Mughal forces during the 17th century earned him not only admiration but also a hallowed place in the hearts of the people.

Birth and Parentage

Lachit Borphukan was born in 1622 in the heart of Guwahati, Assam. He was born into the distinguished Borphukan family, a lineage known for its illustrious service to the Ahom kingdom. Lachit’s father, Momai Tamuli Borbarua, occupied a position of high honor within the Ahom court. This lineage imparted to Lachit a legacy of duty, honor, and an unwavering commitment to his homeland.


From an early age, Lachit Borphukan embarked upon a holistic education, encompassing the realms of martial arts, military strategies, and administrative acumen. The art of warfare was instilled in him as an essential facet of his upbringing, nurturing in him a profound understanding of the strategies and tactics that would prove instrumental in his later achievements. His education emphasized not only the valorous aspects of defense but also the art of governance.

Job in the Ahom Court

As a testament to his exceptional capabilities, Lachit Borphukan ascended to a position of great esteem within the Ahom court. Bestowed with the title of ‘Barphukan’, he emerged as a pivotal figure in the military hierarchy of the Ahom Kindom. This role vested him with the authority to lead the Ahom army and make critical decisions in times of peril.

Role in the Saraighat and Other Battles:

The pinnacle of Lachit Borphukan’s legacy is perhaps the legendary Battle of Saraighat in 1671. In this defining moment, the Mughal forces, under the leadership of Ram Singh I, aimed to seize the strategic port of Saraighat. It was Lachit Borphukan’s profound leadership that illuminated the path to victory. Confronted by an adversary of superior might, he harnessed innovative strategies, leveraging the geographical terrain to his advantage, and led his troops with unwavering valor. Ultimately, through his ingenious tactics and fearless determination, the Ahom forces emerged triumphant, leaving an indelible mark on history.

In addition to his pivotal role in the Battle of Saraighat, Lachit Borphukan’s influence extended to various other battles waged against external threats. His abiding commitment to safeguarding Assam manifested in his readiness to confront challenges head-on, epitomizing his dedication to his homeland.


Lachit Borphukan‘s life was tragically cut short after his monumental triumph at the Battle of Saraighat in 1671. His demise reverberated as a profound loss, not just for his immediate circle, but for the entire region. Lachit Borphukan, whose life was characterized by bravery and selfless devotion, left a void that echoed his absence.


Lachit Borphukan’s legacy remains an enduring testament to bravery and unflinching loyalty. His valor in the face of adversity continues to inspire generations, kindling a flame of patriotism that refuses to waver. His masterful command over strategic tactics, unwavering dedication, and profound commitment to his people and land have etched his name in the annals of Indian history as a paragon of courage.

Lachit Divas Celebration

In recognition of Lachit Borphukan’s unparalleled contributions, Assam annually celebrates “Lachit Divas” on the 24th of November. This occasion serves as a homage to his memory and is marked by an array of events, parades, and cultural festivities. Lachit Divas stands as a poignant reminder of the unwavering spirit that safeguarded Assam against external aggressions.


Lachit Borphukan’s life epitomizes the power of unyielding determination and sagacious leadership. Born into a lineage steeped in the love for their homeland, he exemplified extraordinary courage in defense of Assam. His pivotal role in battles, especially the legendary Battle of Saraighat, exhibited his strategic brilliance and unmatched valor. His legacy, enduring through generations, continues to resonate as a source of inspiration and pride for the people of Assam and beyond. The saga of Lachit Borphukan shows us that a single individual’s fervent dedication can shape history and leave an indelible imprint on the world. 0 0 0

Lachit Borphukan | Essay | Biography

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